#02006 Anadol a1 (Turkey, 1966)

Scale 1/43



Deutsch

Britisch-türkische Kooperation

Der erste eigene Personenwagen aus der Türkei hieß Anadol A1 und seine Ursprünge reichen bis zum Jahr 1959 zurück.

 

Der in Istanbul heimische Vehbi Koç gründete in diesem Jahr das Unternehmen Otosan Otomobil Sanayii. Mangels eigener Erfahrung griff das Werk auf eine Lizenz von Ford zurück und präsentierte den Wagen unter dem Logo Otosan ab 1963. Doch der Wunsch von Vehbi Koç war, eine eigene Fertigung zu etablieren und deshalb fragte er bei Ford in Großbritannien an, ob eine eigene, komplette Herstellung in der Türkei möglich wäre. Ford gab die Antwort, dies zwar möglich wäre, es entstünden jedoch für die gesamten Produktionsanlage Kosten in Höhe von 10 Millionen britischen Pfund, die weder Otosan noch Ford tragen wollte. Als Alternative verwies Ford auf die Firma Reliant Motor Co Ltd., die sich als Spezialist für die Planung von Fahrzeugen einen Namen gemacht hat, die in kleineren Auflagen produziert wurden. Die Firma Otosan nahm Kontakt mit der Fa. Reliant Motor Co Ltd. auf und die beiden Gesandten wurden sich kurz darauf auch handelseinig. Auf Basis des Typ FW5 sollte ein viersitziger Familienwagen entstehen, der dem Modell Consul bzw. Cortiga von Ford ähnelte. Für die Eigenständigkeit eines neuen Modellablegers wurde die britische Firma D. Ogle Ltd. als Designer mit einbezogen. Unter der weiteren Verwendung des Ford-Motors und etlicher Komponenten schufen die beiden britischen Unternehmen einen Wagen, der seine Ford-Wurzeln niemals ganz leugnen konnte und unter der Bezeichnung Anadol A1 ging er schließlich am 7.Dezember 1966 in Serienproduktion. Die 2-türige Stufenhecklimousine wurde vom 1.198 cm³ großen und knapp 50 PS leistenden 4-Zylinder Kent-Motor angetrieben, wie er auch Ford Cortina zum Einbau kam. Ebenfalls aus Ford-Produktion stammte auch das angeblockte 4-Gang Getriebe. Als Höchstgeschwindigkeit gab der türkische Hersteller exakt 127 km/h (79 mph) an. Das Gewicht von 874 kg (1927 lbs) fiel sehr leicht aus, was in erster Linie darauf zurück zu führen war, dass die gesamte Karosserie aus GFK bestand.

 

Mit weiteren kleinen technischen Änderungen blieb der A1 als Stufenheckversion bis zum Jahr 1975 im Sortiment.    

    

English

British-Turkish cooperation

The first passenger car from Turkey was called Anadol A1, and its origins date back to the year 1959.

 

Vehbi Koç, who was located in Istanbul, was founding the company Otosan Otomobil Sanayii in this year. Without own sufficient experience the plant was falling back to a license of Ford and was presenting the car under the logo Otosan from 1963. However, the wish of Vehbi  Koç was to establish an own production and therefore we was asking Ford in Great Britain if an own and complete production was possible in Turkey.  Ford was replying him that this was although possible, but however there are costs for the entire production plant in the value of 10 million British pounds and neither Otosan nor Ford would bear it. As an alternative Ford was referring to the company Reliant Motor Co Ltd., that made a name as a specialist for the planning of vehicles and was producing in small quantities. The company, Otosan, contacted the company Reliant Motor Co Ltd. and both envoys came very soon to an agreement. On the basis of the type FW5 a four-seater family car should be created, which looked similar to the model Consul or Cortiga of Ford. The British company D. Ogle Ltd. was involved as Designer for the independence of a new model offshoot. With the further use of the Forde engine and a number of components, both British companies were creating a car that never could deny its Ford roots and finally the serial production could start under the designation Anadol A1 on 7th of December 1966. The two-door notchback saloon was powered by a four-cylinder Kent-engine, sized at 1.198 cm³, and had 50 hp, which was also installed in the Ford Cortina. The blocked 4-speed transmission came also from the Ford production. The maximum speed of exactly 127 km/h (79 mph) was indicated by the Turkish manufacturer. The weight of 874 kilograms (1927 lbs) was quite easy, which was primarily the result of the fact that the total car body was made of GFK (fiberglass).

 

The notchback version of the A1 remained until 1975 in the assortment with further small technical changes.

Italiano

Cooperazione Anglo-turca

La prima vettura proveniente dalla Turchia era chiamata Anadol A1, e le sue origini rimangono all'anno 1959.

 

Vehbi Koç, che era residente a Istanbul, fondò la compagnia Otosan Otomobil Sanayii in quel anno. Senza alcuna esperienza personale la fabbrica fu veduta sotto licenza Ford e l'auto fu presentata comunque sotto il marchio Otosan dal 1963. Tuttavia,  Vehbi  Koç voleva stabilire una sua propria produzione e per questo aveva chiesto alla Ford Inglese se un'autonoma e completa produzione era possible in Turchia.  Ford gli rispose che sebbene la proposta era possibile i costi erano immensi per l'intera produzione, pari a 10 milioni di sterline e quindi ne la Otosan ne la Ford potevano permettersi di sperperare quel denaro. Come alternativa la Ford si rivolse alla Reliant Motor Co Ltd., che si stava facendo un nome come specialista per la progettazione di Veicoli in piccole quantità.La Otosan, contatto la Reliant Motor Co Ltd. Ed entrambi giunsero subito ad un accordo. Sulla base della tipo FW5 fu realizzata una vettura familiare a quattro posti, cheche assomiglio looke molto alla Ford Consul (Cortiga in alcuni mercati). All'azienda Britannica D. Ogle Ltd. Era incaricata come designer per il nuovo modello. Con l'ulteriore utilizzo dei motori Ford e un numero di componenti anch'esse derivate dalla casa dell'ovale blu, entrambe le aziende Britanniche avevano creato un automobile che non denigra nessuna delle sue radici Ford e la produzione in serie poté iniziare sotto la nomenclatura Anadol A1 il 7 Dicembre del 1966. La berlina due porte fu equipaggiata con un motore quattro cilindri Kent 1.198 cm³ da Cinquanta Cavalli, lo stesso installato sulla Ford Cortina. La trasmissione da quattro rapporti fu anch'essa di derivazione Ford. La velocità massima era esattamente di 127 Km/h, come indicato dalla casa produttrice Turca. Il peso di soli 874 chilogrammi la rendeva molto leggera, dato che la carrozzeria era interamente realizzata in vetroresina.

 

La versione Berlina della A1 rimase in produzione fino al 1975 n alcune migliorie meccaniche rispetto al modello originale.



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